Effective internal and regional security, and foreign policy
White farmers evicted from their land in Zimbabwe say they have been offered $3.5bn in compensation from the Government. Thousands of white farmers were forced from their farms between 2000 and 2001 under the Government's land reforms, leading to sanctions from US and EU and a reduction in export income. President Mnanagwa states that the ‘illegal’ sanctions are slowing down economic progress and inhibiting recovery in the country by punishing the most vulnerable. With inflation at 800% and only 10% of Zimbabweans officially employed, it is difficult to visualise how Zimbabwe would be able to meet this commitment.
Baseline healthcare & disease protection
This week the scale of the impact of COVID-19 on access to HIV Antiretroviral drugs was uncovered with the WHO and UNAIDS forecasting a doubling in AIDS related deaths in Sub-Saharan Africa in 2020, assuming interruptions continue for six months. This would reverse significant global progress made towards the 90-90-90 HIV targets (90% of people diagnosed - 90% of HIV positive people on treatment - 90% virally suppressed). Eswatini, which had one of the highest HIV prevalence rates globally at 27% in 2019, is now at 95-95-95, and Kenya joins non-African countries in having an incidence:prevalence ratio of 3% or less.
Essential infrastructure, personal living-space & utilities